Total views : 3780

A Review of Work-Life Balance Practices Prevalent in Public Sector Undertakings in India

Affiliations

  • Junior Research Fellow, Department of Management Studies, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad-826 004, Jharkhand, India
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad-826 004, Jharkhand, India

Abstract


Work-life balance has become an important issue in the twenty first century. Work and family life are two sides of the same coin as both are interconnected and interfere with each other. Increased work demands interfere with family life, and on the other hand, family demands interfere with the work-life of employees. Therefore, conflicts occur, which negatively affect an employee's performance at work as well as at home. Looking at the trend, organizations have increasingly started to take an active interest in implementing practices that enable employees to cope with the work-life balance issues. The study attempted to explore the work-life balance practices of selected public sector undertakings and their impact on organizational performance. The finding suggested that public sector organizations in India have realized that work-life balance practices are crucial for organizational performance.

Keywords

Work-Life Balance Practices, Employee, Performance, Public Sector

L00, L2, L4

Paper Submission Date: July 28,2014; Paper sent back for Revision : December 5, 2014; Paper Acceptance Date: December 23, 2014.


References


  • Arysri, A.R., & Babu, S S (2009). Impact of flextime on work-life balance practice on employee retention. NHRD Network Journals, 2 (3), 68-75.
  • Beauregard, T., & Henry, L.C. (2009). Making the link between work-life balance practices and organizational performance. Human Resource Management Review, 19 (1),9-22.
  • Bruck, C. S, Allen, T. D., & Spector, P. E (2002). The relation between work-family conflict and job satisfaction: A finer-grained analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60 (3), 336-353.
  • Chandresekar, S.K, Suma, S R, Nair, R S, & Anu, S R (2013). A study on work life balance among the executives in IT industry with special reference to Technopark, Trivandrum, Kerala. Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research, 2 (3), 35-52.
  • Chiang, H. Y, & Takeuchi, M. (2008).The effect of work-life balance policies on women employees' turnover (Doctoral Dissertation). OSIPP Discussion Paper: DP-2008-E-008. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoddownload?doi=10.1.1.392.1624&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • Duggal & Tiwari (2012). Work-life balance: A study of employee well-being and performance of employee in service sector. Retrieved from www.studymode.com
  • Duxbury, L, & Higgins, C. (2001). Work-life balance in the new millennium: Where are we? Where do we need to go? (CPRN Discussion Paper No. W/12) Ottawa. Canadian policy Research Networks. Retrieved from http://www.cprn.org/documents'7314_en.PDF
  • Estes, S. B., & Michael, J. (2005). Work-family policies and gender inequality at work. Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrieved from http://wfnetwork.bc.edu/encydopedia_entry.php?id=1230&area=All
  • Fleetwood, S (2005). Ontology in organization and management studies: A critical realist approach. Organization, 12 (2), 197-222. DOl: 10.1177/1350508405051188
  • Genhaus, J.H., & Beutell, N.J. (1985). socurcesof conflict between work and family roles. The Academy of Management Review, 10 (1),76-88.
  • Gutek, B. A, Searle, S, & Kelpa, L (1991). Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 (4), 560-568.
  • Herman, J.B., & Gyllstrom, K.K. (1977).Working men and women: Inter- and intra-role conflict. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1(4), 319 - 333. DOl: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1977.tb00558.x
  • Kar, S, & Misra, K C. (2013). Nexus between work life balance practices and employee retention The mediating effect of a supportive culture. Asian Social Science,9 (11), 63-69.
  • Lakshmi, K S, & Gopinath, S S (2013). Work-life balance of women employees With reference to teaching faculties. Abhinav International Monthly Referred Journal of Research in Management & Technology, 2 (1), 53-62.
  • Mohan, N., Prabha, N., & Mohanraj, P. (2010). Work life balance through flexi work arrangements: Empirical study on bank employees. International Journal of Management, 1 (2), 53-61.
  • Nanthakumar, S (2014). Work life balance of BHEL's employees. The International Journal of Applied Management and Business Utility, 2 (1), 207-210.
  • Osterman, P. (1995). Work/family programmes and the employment relationship. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40 (2), 681-700.
  • Peggy, C. H. F. (2007). Work-life balance: The impact of family friendly policies on employees' job satisfaction and turnover intention. Hong Kong Baptist University. Retrieved from http://lib-sca.hkbu.edu.hkltrsimage/hp/05003458.pdf
  • Puri, M. (2012, July 16). Best companies to work for 2012: How NTPC takes care of its employees with people-friendly policies. The Economic Times. Retrieved from http://artides.economictimes.indiatimes.com/ 2012-07-161 news' 32698226_ 1_ntpcempl oyees-arup-roy-choudhury-iit-delhi
  • Saltzstein, A L, Ting, Y, & saltzstein, G. H. (2001). Work-family balance and job satisfaction: The impact of family-friendly policies on attitudes of federal government employees. Public Administration Review, 61 (4), 452-467. DOI: 10.1111/0033-3352.00049
  • Shagvaliyeva, S, & Yazdanifard, R (2014). Impact of flexible working hours on work-life balance. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 4(1), 20-23. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajibm.2014.41004
  • Singh, S (2013). An empirical study on the status of work - life balance in Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC). Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management, 7 (1),27-36.
  • Sree, K & Devi, S. (2013). Work-life balance of employee: A study on selected public and private sector undertakings (Doctoral dissertation). University of Andhra, Visakhapatnam.
  • Ueda, Y (2012). The relationship between work-life balance programs and employee satisfaction: Gender differences in the moderating effect of annual income. Journal of Business Administration Research, 1(1),65-74.
  • Vittal (2003). Strategies to empower women in the IT sector. In The International Conference on Women in the Digital Era: Opportunities and Challenges, December 10-12 Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu.
  • Yadav, R K, & Dabhade, N. (2013). Work-life balance amongst the working women in public sector banks-A case study of State Bank of India. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 7 (1), 1-22.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.